Weight Loss Medication and Diet: What to Eat, a Pattern Menu, and Extra

This content material initially appeared on On a regular basis Well being. Republished with permission.

In recent times, newer medicine like semaglutide and tirzepatide — GLP-1 and GLP-1 and GIP receptor agonists — have modified the sort 2 diabetes remedy panorama with their outstanding effectiveness. However together with their introduction have come many different issues, together with how your weight-reduction plan ought to change should you and your healthcare group determine one in all these medicine is best for you.

Learn on for ideas from registered dietitian nutritionists on easy methods to optimize your weight-reduction plan when on pharmaceuticals linked to weight reduction, together with Ozempic, Mounjaro, Wegovy, and Zepbound.

Why Diet Is Essential When You’re on a GLP-1 Drug

 GLP-1 receptor agonists work by serving to suppress urge for food and delaying the speed at which your abdomen empties meals. This may discourage consuming.

They could even be related to nausea and vomiting, which might intervene with nutrient absorption, says Annapolis, Maryland–based mostly Bonnie Newlin, RD, of Crave Nourishment, who continuously counsels sufferers taking semaglutide (Ozempic, Wegovy) and tirzepatide (Mounjaro, Zepbound).

Staying proactive about your every day vitamin may also help you keep wholesome and feeling your finest as you proceed your weight reduction journey.

Widespread Questions & Solutions

Are you able to drink alcohol on Ozempic and comparable medicine?

There’s no identified interplay between alcohol and Ozempic and different medicine linked with weight reduction. However knocking again a cocktail with out meals isn’t prudent. Consuming on an empty abdomen can dramatically decrease your blood sugar. This can be particularly problematic as weight reduction medicine already cut back blood sugar.

Are Ozempic and weight-reduction plan soda an excellent combine?

Synthetic sweeteners in weight-reduction plan soda can negatively have an effect on digestion and intestine well being, particularly in bigger quantities. As a result of medicine akin to Ozempic might have an effect on your gastrointestinal system, think about steering away from any meals or drinks with these sweeteners. Go for water as a substitute.

What are the very best meals to eat on a weight reduction drug?

Minimally processed, high-protein meals are finest to eat when on pharmaceuticals related to weight reduction. Spherical out your meals with proteins like hen breast, tofu, and eggs. For fiber, micronutrients, and antioxidants, eat nonstarchy veggies, lower-sugar fruits, and complete grains.

What meals ought to I keep away from on a weight reduction drug?

Fried, greasy meals not solely could make you’re feeling unwell however can intervene with the effectiveness of those medicine as a result of they take a very long time to digest. Sweets are one other class to keep away from. Candy meals can spike blood sugar, then trigger it to crash.

Can semaglutide or tirzepatide trigger malnutrition?

They’ll. Related bodily results akin to nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea can enhance the danger. Though analysis is proscribed, anecdotes of extreme nutrient deficiencies have cropped up within the information.

Learn how to Make Certain You’re Getting Sufficient Energy

Though weight reduction is one purpose of taking semaglutide or tirzepatide, it’s essential to eat sufficient energy every day. Adequate consumption provides you the vitality it’s essential thrive.

Melissa Mitri, RDN, who’s based mostly in New York Metropolis, says consuming small, frequent meals which can be low in fats may also help you get sufficient energy and protect lean muscle mass as you shed some pounds. “As a result of many individuals really feel full extra simply on these medicines, consuming smaller meals extra continuously can forestall overeating,” Mitri says. Scientific suggestions from the Journal of Scientific Drugs embody beginning with small parts if you start weight reduction meds. Smaller meals that restrict fats may also assist hold your digestive system joyful, lowering the danger for bloating and nausea, Mitri notes.

As on your goal variety of energy whereas on weight reduction meds, the proper quantity will probably be distinctive to you. Work together with your main care physician or a registered dietitian nutritionist to find out your superb vary (usually, many consultants advocate round 1,200 to 1,800 energy per day whereas on these meds). In case you like, you possibly can observe your every day weight-reduction plan with an app.

The Significance of Hydration

Hydration is especially crucial if you’re on Ozempic or different medicine that have an effect on your gastrointestinal (GI) tract, says Newlin. As a result of tirzepatide and semaglutide can enhance the danger of diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting, it’s possible you’ll want to switch fluids by rehydrating extra continuously. Newlin additionally notes that decreased urge for food may cause folks to drink much less fluid (and get much less water from meals).

Though these medicine don’t include elevated suggestions for fluid consumption, it’s good to maintain tabs in your every day hydration behavior. Whereas suggestions fluctuate, the Nationwide Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Drugs suggests 2.7 liters (91 ounces) of complete water from all drinks and meals for ladies and three.7 liters (125 ounces) for males. In case you really feel this isn’t sufficient or is an excessive amount of, speak to your physician about tailoring hydration to your private wants.

 Do I Must Fear About Macronutrients if I’m on a GLP-1?

Not like consuming plans such because the ketogenic weight-reduction plan (a really high-fat, low-carbohydrate weight-reduction plan), weight reduction medicine don’t require you to stay to a precise ratio of carbs, protein, and fats. However that doesn’t imply you shouldn’t keep aware of your macronutrients. As talked about earlier, fats is one macro to think about fastidiously. “Fats ought to be extra restricted because it takes longer to digest and might worsen digestive points, carbs ought to be consumed carefully to assist weight reduction and wholesome blood sugar ranges, and protein consumption ought to be on the upper finish to protect lean muscle mass and assist total metabolism,” says Mitri.

A Full Meals Listing to Observe When on Ozempic or Mounjaro

When taking a drug like tirzepatide or semaglutide, sure meals are higher decisions than others. Focus meals round meals akin to these.

What to Eat

  • Skinless hen breast
  • Eggs
  • Tofu
  • Fish and seafood
  • Beans and legumes
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Greek yogurt
  • Oats
  • Complete-wheat bread
  • Brown rice
  • Quinoa
  • Broccoli
  • Spinach
  • Kale
  • Bell peppers
  • Berries
  • Citrus fruits

What to Keep away from

Some meals don’t make good companions with weight reduction medicine. Keep away from the next:

  • Fried meals akin to french fries, fried hen, and onion rings
  • Purple meat
  • Sugar-sweetened drinks like soda, cocktails, and juices with added sugar
  • Excessive-fat, high-sugar desserts like cookies, truffles, candies, ice cream, and brownies

A 7-Day Pattern Meal Plan to Observe When on Ozempic or Mounjaro

All of us may use a little bit inspiration for meal planning (even once we’re not taking weight reduction medicine). Do this seven-day plan, which was created with the assistance of registered dietitian nutritionists Mitri and Newlin, to jump-start your meals and snacks whereas on newer weight reduction medicine.


  • Breakfast Excessive-fiber, low-sugar cereal (akin to Grape Nuts or Fiber One) with 2 p.c milk and banana slices
  • Snack Melon cubes and cottage cheese
  • Lunch Mediterranean spinach salad with diced hen, artichokes, tomatoes, and pine nuts
  • Dinner Vegetable bean chili
  • Dessert Darkish chocolate pomegranate bark


  • Breakfast Smoothie with almond milk, protein powder, and frozen fruit
  • Snack Handful of pistachios
  • Lunch Turkey wrap with lettuce and lightweight mayo in a whole-wheat tortilla
  • Dinner Complete-wheat pasta with shrimp and peas
  • Dessert Avocado chocolate mousse


  • Breakfast Two hard-boiled eggs, recent berries, a slice whole-grain toast, and 1 cup skim milk
  • Snack Flippantly salted popcorn
  • Lunch Hen and vegetable soup
  • Dinner Salmon kale salad
  • Dessert Berry smoothie (frozen banana, frozen berries, yogurt, and a drizzle of maple syrup)


  • Breakfast In a single day oats with blueberries, Greek yogurt, and a sprinkle of cinnamon
  • Snack Turkey jerky and an apple
  • Lunch Cup of vegetable soup with quesadillas with rotisserie hen
  • Dinner Black bean Mexican quinoa bowls
  • Dessert Darkish chocolate and almonds


  • Breakfast Complete-wheat toast with avocado and two over-easy eggs
  • Snack Cheese slices, seed crackers, and hummus
  • Lunch Grilled hen sandwich with child carrots
  • Dinner Soy-glazed salmon with basmati rice and a facet salad
  • Dessert Medjool dates full of peanut butter


  • Breakfast Oatmeal with pecans and dried cranberries
  • Snack 2 hard-boiled eggs and ½ crimson bell pepper, sliced
  • Lunch Tuna salad sandwich and a banana
  • Dinner Hen stir-fry with greens over quinoa or brown rice
  • Dessert Yogurt parfait with mandarin oranges and honey


  • Breakfast 2 p.c plain Greek yogurt with a handful of blueberries and ¼ cup toasted walnuts
  • Snack Path mixture of nuts, seeds, and dried fruit
  • Lunch Curried chickpea wrap and cucumber slices
  • Dinner Balsamic hen breast with brown rice and spinach salad
  • Dessert Recent strawberries with a drizzle of chocolate syrup

Can Taking Sure Dietary supplements Assist Help Diet on a GLP-1Drug?

Throughout your time on these meds, dietary dietary supplements might have a spot in your vitamin toolkit. Newlin says that the mix of low calorie consumption and GI results from meds can add as much as low nutrient ranges. She suggests together with a multivitamin in your every day routine. Different dietary supplements she says could also be useful embody probiotics, vitamin B12, and vitamin D. “Probiotic dietary supplements containing strains like lactobacillus and bifidobacterium might assist digestive well being and weight reduction,” she says, whereas GLP-1 and GIP agonists can intervene with the physique’s absorption of vitamin D and vitamin B12.

5 Newbie Ideas for Staying Nourished on Ozempic or Mounjaro

Prioritizing your nourishment whereas on weight reduction medicine is definitely worth the effort. Strive these easy ideas.

1. Make Time for Meal Planning

Making time for meal prep means you gained’t end up with out assets at dinnertime.

2. Select Nutrient-Wealthy Meals

Newlin recommends lean protein and fiber-rich fruit and veggies.

3. Take into account Meals Journaling

One of the best ways to know what number of energy you’re taking in is to document your meals and snacks, whether or not on paper or in an app.

4. Embrace Meals You Like

It might sound apparent, however choosing meals you genuinely take pleasure in is a good way to make sure you eat sufficient.

5. Take into account a Complement

“If you’re not getting sufficient vitamins out of your weight-reduction plan, it’s possible you’ll wish to think about taking dietary supplements,” says Newlin. “Discuss to your healthcare supplier about which dietary supplements could also be best for you.”


Even if you’re making an attempt to handle your diabetes or shed some pounds, getting sufficient energy and vitamins is crucial. If semaglutide or tirzepatide go away you feeling lower than fascinated by meals, begin with small variations of any of the meals and snacks above. Then as you’re into a brand new groove together with your new weight-reduction plan and life-style, department out to create tasty, diabetes-friendly meal plans of your individual.

On a regular basis Well being follows strict sourcing tips to make sure the accuracy of its content material, outlined in our editorial coverage. We use solely reliable sources, together with peer-reviewed research, board-certified medical consultants, sufferers with lived expertise, and data from high establishments.


  • An Excessive Danger of Taking Ozempic: Malnutrition. The New York Instances. April 21, 2023.
  • Blundell J et al. Results of As soon as-Weekly Semaglutide on Urge for food, Vitality Consumption, Management of Consuming, Meals Choice and Physique Weight in Topics With Weight problems. Diabetes, Weight problems & MetabolismSeptember 2017.
  • Diabetes & Alcohol. College of California in San Francisco.
  • Heise T et al. Tirzepatide Reduces Urge for food, Vitality Consumption, and Fats Mass in Folks With Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. Might 2023.
  • Report Units Dietary Consumption Ranges for Water, Salt, and Potassium to Preserve Well being and Scale back Persistent Illness Danger. Nationwide Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Drugs. February 11, 2004.
  • Shil A et al. Synthetic Sweeteners Negatively Regulate Pathogenic Traits of Two Mannequin Intestine Micro organism, E. coli and E. faecalisWorldwide Journal of Molecular Sciences. Might 2021.

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