Diabetes is a hormonal disorder which affects the way our body uses food as a resource for energy. The sugar which we take is digesting and broken down into a simple sugar, known as Glucose. The glucose then circulates in our blood cells to be used as fuel. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps to move this glucose into cells. A healthy Pancreas adjusts the amount of insulin based with the level of glucose. But, if we have diabetes, this process breaks down, and blood sugar levels become too high.
Persons may go long before being diagnosed Diabetes. There are three types of diabetes found Type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. These three forms of diabetes can have different marks associated with them. Diabetes can be identified during a person’s early childhood. Type 1 is sometimes referred to as adolescent diabetes.
Symptoms of Diabetes are as follows:
Diabetes symptoms for Type 1- Diabetes Diabetes symptoms for type 2 diabetes
* Repeated urination
* Too much thirst
* Too much hunger
* Uncommon and unexpected weight loss
* Increased exhaustion
* Bad temper
* Fuzzy and unstable vision
* Always tired * Cuts or wounds that are slow to heal, poor wound healing
* Irritated skin
* Thirsty mouth
* Leg pain
Type 2 is usually diagnosed later in life, usually around 45, but in some instances it can occur earlier. There is no quicktreatment for diabetes, but it can be controlled. Being overweight is one of the principal reasons of Type 2.
Three major Types of Diabetes are as follows:
Type 1 Diabetes (also known as insulin-dependent diabetes) Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune ailment where the body’s resistant system destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. It can appear at any age, although commonly under 40, and is caused by environmental reasons such as viruses, diet or chemicals in people genetically prone. People with type 1 diabetes must inject themselves with insulin several times a day and follow a careful diet and exercise plan.
Type 2 Diabetes (also known as non-insulin dependent Diabetes)
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, affecting85-90% of people in the world. This type of diabetes is considered by relative insulin deficiency. The disease is strongly genetic in beginning but later on various lifestyle reasons such as excess weight, low activity, high blood pressure and poor diet are major risk factors for its further development. The basic symptoms may not show for many years but by the time they appear, major health problems may have developed. People with type 2 diabetes are likely to suffer heart disease. Type 2 Diabetes may be treated by eating habit improvement, daily exercises or using tablets. Insulin injections may later be required.
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM)
GDM, or carbohydrate intolerance, is first identified during pregnancy through an oral glucose tolerance test. Risk factors for GDM includes a family history of diabetes, increasing maternal age, obesity forms a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. While the carbohydrate intolerance usually returns to normal stage after the birth, the mother has a significant risk of developing permanent diabetes while the baby is more likely to develop obesity and impaired glucose tolerance or diabetes later in life. Following Good life style and health balanced dietary changes are essential to erode from diabetic disorder.
LAUSD Schools, Pools, and Parks for Children of Color Living in Poverty with No Access to a Car
Image by The City Project
In California, 73% of fifth, seventh, and ninth graders did not achieve minimum physical fitness standards in 2004. In LAUSD, 87% of students were not physically fit. Yet in 2006, 51% of school districts studied in California, including LAUSD, did not enforce statutory physical education requirements. At LAUSD’s South Gate High School, 1,600 children took the state Fitnessgram test and not one passed. Forty schools did not have a single physically fit student. Less than 10% of students were physically fit in nearly one-third of the 605 schools in LAUSD. Only eight schools had student populations that are more than 50% physically fit.
The shared use of parks and schools can alleviate the lack of places to play and recreate, while making optimal use of scarce land and public resources. Unfortunately, only 103 out of 605 LAUSD schools have five acres of more of playing fields, as shown in Map 903. Those schools tend to be located in areas that are disproportionately white and wealthy and have greater access to parks. LAUSD provides 71% more play acres for non-Hispanic white students than for Latino students in elementary schools. There were only 30 joint use agreements between LAUSD and the City of Los Angeles Recreation and Parks Department as of April 2006. The Olmsted Report and the 2006 audit by City Controller Laura Chick of recreation and parks both call for the shared use of parks and schools.
There are unfair park, school, and health disparities by school district.
Thus, for example, District 1 (LaMotte) in the South Los Angeles has 1.05 net acres of urban parks per thousand residents, compared to 9.94 net acres in District 3 (Galatzan) in the San Fernando Valley.
The disparities are even more dramatic if total acres of parks are included. There are 1.59 acres of total parks per thousand residents in District 1 (LaMotte), and 69.71 in District 6 (Korenstein) in the Valley.
District 1 is disproportionately populated by people of color and low income people, while District 3 is disproportionately white and wealthy.
These facts are illustrated in Chart 901C and Graph 901N.
Read more about the campaign by United Teachers of Los Angeles to help students move more, eat well, stay healthy, and do their best in school and in life. Watch the YouTube videos about the campaign.
Visit the core maps and analyses covering healthy, livable communities for all.
Read more in The City Project’s Policy Report Healthy Parks, Schools, and Communities: Mapping Green Access and Equity for the Los Angeles Region, a guide for creating healthy, livable communities for all.