Persons, whose body doesn’t produce needed quantity of insulin and/or use it in proper manner, are diabetic. Everything in the life of a diabetic person turns bitter. Although certain hereditary and environmental reasons like obesity and no exercise are considered as the real causes behind this disease, still mystery of exact cause of it continues. Scientific fraternity is toiling throughout to find the exact cause behind it but so far couldn’t arrive at a concrete conclusion (Weiss 2007).
We have talked of production and usage of insulin in the body in the above paragraph without mentioning the role it plays in the functioning of the body. Insulin is in fact the hormone that regulates the level of glucose in the blood. When the glucose level in the body of any person rises above 125 mg/dl it is sufficient to establish that the person concerned is suffering from diabetes. It is categorized in two types. In type 1 production of insulin in the body is diminished whereas in type 2, body becomes completely insulin resistant. Loss of insulin beta cells in pancreas causes type 1 diabetes mellitus. Both types lead to hyperglycemia wherein excessive urine is produced and abnormal sweating takes place that causes deficiency of fluids in the body. Besides that vision of a diabetic person is burred, weight loss takes place and fluid intakes are abnormally increased. In case it is not timely diagnosed and properly controlled it can be fatal because of possible renal failure, nerve damage and/or cardiovascular disorder. It leads to gangrene and amputation because it disables the wound healing function of the body (NLM 2009).
Comparatively more economical, fast and easy test for diagnosing the diabetes is FPGT, (Fasting Plasma Glucose Test). Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) is another test that determines whether one is diabetic or not.
Diabetes is treatable and manageable because of discovery of insulin in the year 1921. By administering insulin through syringe or pump, Type 1 diabetes is treated whereas Type 2 diabetes is mostly treated by dietary supplements as well as insulin recommendations. Besides treatment its risk factor can also be minimized by suitably altering the life styles and controlling blood pressure. Awareness about the seriousness of the disease is most essential for and patient. A diabetic person should be willing to take the insulin in a regular and disciplined manner besides taking due care while performing everyday activities. Type 2 diabetes is mostly treated by reducing weight and increasing the physical activities along with use of oral anti-diabetic drugs. Oral medication attenuates insulin resistance and insulin production is impaired. Periodical checks are advised to those who are in the age group of 40 to 50 whereas confirmed diabetics are advised routine checkup (ADA 2009).
It mostly happens that when a person is diagnosed as diabetic a lot of questions run through the minds of all those who love that person like, what are the symptoms of this disease and how it can be restricted in case one is experiencing its warning signs. No need to worry in case one has a strong health history and no history of diabetes in family. It must be kept in mind that most of the symptoms of both the types of diabetes are almost similar and both indicate that one’s body is restricting the cells to have access to glucose that is needed by it. Due to overload of glucose in blood frequent urination takes place because kidneys draw extra water out of blood so as to dilute glucose. In case one is experiencing tingling sensation in legs, feet and/or hands it also indicates that the person might be diabetic. Tingling sensation takes place due to high glucose levels in the blood that causes damage to delicate nerve system of the body. Troubles with vision, intense hunger and/or fatigue are most common signals of diabetes.
Diabetes, especially its Type 2, is alarmingly increasing in American society and other societies of the world because so far its exact cause is not known. Besides that most of the people residing even in the developed societies of the world are unaware of its symptoms. About 23.6 million Americans are stated to be diabetic. It makes almost 8% of the entire population. It excludes about 24% of people who could not be diagnosed as diabetic so far. It is estimated that about $ 174 billion were spent on diabetes care in the year 2007. Reportedly diabetes was sixth leading cause of deaths in the year 2000. About 213,062 people died of diabetes out of total reported deaths in that year. It being a silent disease slowly damages the most delicate parts of the body like heart and kidneys. Most of the people become aware of it when it becomes difficult to control its damages. Obesity is stated to be one of its causes because fats of the body restrict the ability of the body to use insulin properly. Most of the Americans children and adult have been diagnosed as diabetic because of being obese. It is estimated that in last three decades number of children having obese related diabetes had almost tripled. Lack of exercise and physical activities, taking too many fats and processed sugar is causing obesity. It is therefore must to watch what and how much you are going to eat. Always make healthy diet choices and keep your diet varied. A food specialist can best advise you about your diet both incase you are diabetic or otherwise (NIDDK 2008: Whitaker 2009).
NLM, (2009, Aug 20). Diabetes: MedlinePlus. Retrieved August 23, 2009, from U.S. National Library of Medicine Web site: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001214.htm
NIDDK, (2008 Nov). Diabetes Overview. Retrieved August 23, 2009, from National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Web site: http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/DM/PUBS/OVERVIEW/INDEX.HTM
ADA, (2009). Access: Diabetes Research. Retrieved August 23, 2009, from American Diabetes Association Web site: http://www.diabetes.org/patientinform/default.jsp?WTLPromo=HOME_PI&vms=304306187055
Porridge~~ Breakfast Of The Champions
Image by sirwiseowl
Twenty Reasons Why Porridge Is The Ultimate Health Food……..
My original ‘Porridge’ photo has atracted over 21,000 views. Thought I would repost the original text again but with another ‘porridge’ photo.
I must have my porridge every morning, summer and winter.
Good for you, plus keeps the tummy satisfied all morning.
Swirls of pure Canadian maple syrup all over the top…oh! so yummy!
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Twenty reasons why porridge is the ultimate health food……..
(I’m not sure why reason # 1 is at the top of this list. #20 comes first with me at my age! Alas, a cup of tea is more appealing when I first wake up in the morning. Then I’m wide awake so bound out of bed to prepare and enjoy my porridge)
1. IMPROVES SEX LIFE
Porridge oats can boost libido by helping to re-balance testosterone and oestrogen in the body. Testosterone drives sexual desire in both sexes. Men with low testosterone levels go off sex.
2. GOOD FOR HANGOVERS
Oats neutralise acidity levels in the body and help absorb toxins. Since a hangover is the result of the "poisonous" effects of alcohol, a bowl of porridge might help relieve the symptoms.
Porridge also contains one of the highest levels of soluble fibre of any cereal. Soluble fibre is essential for healthy digestion. Since alcohol depletes sugar levels, the slow-releasing carbohydrates in porridge help redress this.
3. HELPS QUIT SMOKING
Compounds in oats can help calm the nervous system and reduce the craving for nicotine.
4. HEALS THE SKIN
Bathing in oat-based solutions can help problem skin. Anecdotal evidence suggests that the anti-inflammatory compounds in porridge oats can help conditions such as psoriasis and eczema. Fill a sock or stocking with porridge oats and place in water for 20 minutes while bathing.
5. FIGHTS INFECTION
Of all the cereals, porridge has the best proportion of protein needed for growth and repair in the body and to help boost the immune system.
6. FIGHTS HEART DISEASE
Many studies have shown that eating fibre-rich food such as porridge reduces the risk of heart disease. But scientists in the U.S. found that porridge contains avenanthramides – chemicals that stop blood cells sticking to artery walls, preventing the fatty deposits that cause heart disease.
7. REDUCES DIABETES RISK SLOWLY
Digested foods such as porridge might cut the risk of developing non-insulin dependent diabetes by absorbing sugar from the gut and cutting the need for large quantities of insulin to be released.
8. HELPS CONCENTRATION
The slow releasing complex carbohydrates in oats sustain energy levels, allowing full concentration to be maintained. Complex carbohydrates also stabilise and raise blood sugar levels.
9. BEATS DEPRESSION
Porridge is high in Vitamin B6, which promotes the brain chemical serotonin. High levels of serotonin are associated with feelings of well-being and also aid relaxation and restful sleep. Levels of serotonin dip when sunlight is limited – i.e. during winter – and can lead to the depressive condition Seasonal Affective Disorder.
10. BOOTS ENERGY
Porridge oats are high in complex carbohydrates and soluble fibre, which means they release energy slowly. A bowl of porridge should provide all the energy you need until lunchtime.
11. CUTS CHILDHOOD OBESITY
A study of 10,000 children by researchers at New York’s Columbia University found that among those who regularly ate whole-oat products, the proportion of overweight children almost halved.
Researchers at Oxford Brookes University also found that those eating foods with a low glycaemic index (GI), such as porridge, were less likely to binge on sugary snacks. Foods with a low GI rating release glucose into the body more slowly and evenly, leaving you feeling fuller for longer.
12. LOWERS CHOLESTEROL
Porridge is rich in soluble fibre, which has been shown to lower blood cholesterol. High cholesterol occurs when fat builds up and constricts the arteries, reducing blood flow to the heart. Eating oats can improve blood flow and bind to cholesterol in the gut, aiding its removal from the body. Scientists think the cholesterol-lowering effects of oats are due to the oat soluble fibre beta-glucan.
13. PREVENTS CONSTIPATION
High-fibre foods such as porridge increase the movement of food through the digestive tract.
This increased bowel action provides a good environment for beneficial bacteria in the gut to ferment while decreasing levels of destructive bacteria.
14. FIGHTS OSTEOPOROSIS
Porridge oats are blended with milk, making an excellent source of calcium which is essential for bone health. Lack of calcium can lead to osteoporosis, which involves a loss of bone density and can make bones fragile.
15. CAN HELP DIETING
Porridge oats are 100 per cent natural, with no added sugar, salt or additives, and are naturally low in calories. An average bowl of porridge made with water contains 171 calories.
16. GOOD FOR PREGNANT WOMEN
Porridge is a source of folic acid. Studies have shown that taking folic acid from before conception until the 12th week of pregnancy can reduce the chances of having a baby with spina bifida. Pregnant women need 400mcg of folic acid a day.
17. FIGHTS CANCER
Oats are rich in the antioxidant vitamin E, which protects the body from the damaging free radicals that can cause cancer. A diet high in soluble fibre foods such as porridge oats might also help reduce the chances of developing bowel, colon and breast cancer.
18. CONTAINS ESSENTIAL MINERALS
Porridge is a good source of manganese, which is essential in allowing the body to produce energy as well as helping to build bones and connective tissue. It also contains zinc, which is needed for normal growth, sexual development and reproduction, and a healthy immune system.
19. REDUCES BLOOD PRESSURE
A daily serving of oats can improve blood pressure control and reduce the need for anti-hypertensive medication, according to U.S. researchers – 73 per cent of those fed a wholegrain oat-based cereal (containing 3g of soluble fibre) stopped or reduced their blood pressure medication by half.
20. COULD HELP LONG LIFE
Britain’s longest living man, David Henderson, from Montrose, Scotland, who died in 1998 at 109, attributed his age and good health to a daily bowl of porridge. This could be because the lipids present in oats contain a good balance of essential fatty acids which have been linked to longevity and general good health.
Research by: Angela Epstein
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